After controversies and disagreements, the Russian Ministry of Finance has reportedly finalized its bill that will regulate cryptocurrencies in the country and is ready to implement it soon.
According to local portal Kommersant, which had access to the document, the legislation contains a detailed regulatory framework and addresses, above all, mining and the circulation of crypto assets. The project also introduces the concept of professional and non-professional buyers.
Cryptocurrency regulation in Russia
For experts, the document opens up new opportunities for miners who need to get out of the gray zone in Russia. However, they not believe that the new legislation could bring investors to this area. That’s because the requirements for commercial operators seem excessive.
In addition, the project introduces several requirements for user identification, accounting and certification.
“According to the draft law, digital currency can be accepted ‘as a means of payment other than the currency unit of the Russian Federation’, as well as an investment, while there should be no personal obligations towards them,” said the portal.
Also according to the project, exchange operators (with a minimum capital of 30 million rubles – BRL 1.69 million) and operators of trading platforms (at least 100 million rubles – BRL 5.6 million) will be able to organize the circulation of virtual currencies.
According to the project, the former will carry out the purchase and sale of cryptocurrencies “in its own name and at its own expense, publicly announcing the prices”. Meanwhile, the second will hold organized auctions.
Rules for cryptocurrency traders
Both entities will have to present annual reports on their activity. In addition, they must approve internal control and auditing requirements, creating an autonomous structural unit.
Only companies based in Russia can apply for the role of digital asset operators. Foreign organizations will have to obtain a license to operate in the country, forming a subsidiary.
As blockchain lawyer Mikhail Uspensky has pointed out, the requirements for operators are “extremely exaggerated”. In this way, only the largest financial institutions in the country will be able to comply with them.
According to Chen Limin, Head of Trading Operations at the ICB Fund, Binance could become a likely candidate to land in Russia. That’s if “the forthcoming sanctions don’t directly prohibit her from working with the country as a whole.”
Also according to the project, cryptocurrency traders will need to be identified. And both traders and banks will have to carry out compliance procedures and report suspicious transactions.
Cryptocurrency mining in Russia
As far as cryptocurrency mining is concerned, data centers can be provided for this activity if they are owned by a Russian legal entity. Taxation will be defined separately.
As Andrey Tugarin highlighted, Russia is an attractive jurisdiction for mining. That’s because it has cheap electricity. Thus, the legalization of the activity will increase the demand in the country.